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Research And Publication

Title The Doctrine of Frustration under section 56 of the Indian Contract Act
Authors Ram Mohan, M.P.; Murugavelu, Promode ; Ray, Gaurav ; Parakh, Kritika
Type Working Paper
Publication Date 13-Oct-2020
Year 2020
Abstract The performance of obligations under a contract may be hindered by unexpected supervening events, leading to contractual uncertainties. The doctrine of frustration paves the way for a just consequence of such an unfortunate event, which has happened without any fault of the contracting parties. The doctrine fills the void in a contract regarding supervening events, based on principles of fairness and equity. Considering the large implications on the obligatory and binding nature of a valid contract, it becomes important to analyse the factors that guide the courts to determine its application. Unlike common law, the Indian Contract law explicitly incorporates the doctrine of frustration under section 56 of the Contract Act. However, the evolution of this doctrine in India has been greatly influenced by English law. This paper attempts to restate the law on the doctrine of frustration as applicable in India.

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